Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy

Most often, pregnant women complain about nausea and vomiting, and sometimes they describe it really dramatically, almost as a tragedy. They don’t say “I have nausea” or “I feel sick”, they say “I have toxicosis!”For a man it sounds like a serious disease, a precise diagnosis, and something serious. Most husbands, being far from medical terminology, actually feel scared, when they hear the word “toxicosis”. When wives are complaining about nausea, there is nothing to worry about – everyone had nausea at least once in their life, whereas toxicosis word fills men with dread? And so "toxicosis" immediately causes fear. Therefore, get to know more, before you decide to marry one of those beauties on and get her pregnant. Nausea and vomiting is a normal physiological phenomenon at the early stages of pregnancy. Very rarely vomiting can become indomitable, when any meal ends up with its evacuation - vomiting.

Nausea and vomiting affects 70-85% of pregnant women, which is a lot, especially during their first pregnancy. Therefore, calling this state of pregnancy a disease and diagnose it as toxicosis is a poor decision from the point of view of modern medicine. It usually starts with nausea and vomiting at 5-6 weeks, reaches its peak at 8-12 weeks, and completely disappear at 20 weeks in 90% pregnancy cases. Only 10% of women may experience nausea and vomiting till the end of pregnancy. This often happens on the basis of chronic diseases of the digestive system. However, 0.5-2% of pregnant women can experience a more serious condition called Hyperemesis Gravidarum, or indomitable vomiting. In this case, vomiting is observed more than 5-6 times a day, after eachfood and liquid consumption. Furthermore, a woman loses weight, and her water-salt balance is violated. This condition is called for hospitalization.

Despite the fact that nausea and vomiting in pregnancy can theoretically be explained as a reaction to pregnancy hormones, the true cause of this condition remains unknown. Nausea and vomiting of a pregnant woman affects more often those women who have genetic predisposition (mother, sisters, other maternal relatives experienced nausea and vomiting during pregnancy), although many experts deny the existence of a genetic connection. Most cases of nausea and vomiting occur when a mother-to-be is smoking. It also affects women after 30-35 years, those who have multiple pregnancy and pregnancy with fetal malformations. Besides, the frequency of nausea and vomiting can be affected by: migraine, high blood pressure, diabetes, gastritis, colitis, peptic ulcer, mental illness, low body weight, thyroid disease, trophoblastic disease, poor nutrition and nutritional deficiencies.

When nausea and vomiting occur, it is important that a mother-to-be understands that this is a temporary unpleasant condition of pregnancy, which is difficult to prevent, since there is no preventive treatment. I this period a pregnant woman should eat at any time of the day, preferably in small portions, eaten cold in a semi-recumbent position. There should be no restrictions on types of food, except for alcohol-containing products. This period is very short and takes only 2-3 weeks, sometimes even less, so unbalanced eating will not bring much harm, but it will help a woman to adapt to the state of pregnancy.

It is important that the food is balanced by nutrients. However, if a woman wants to take a limited set of foods during this period, it is also fine.

Due to the fact that the prenatal developmentstage of pregnancy includethe process of organformation, doctors try prescribing medicines only as a last resort! Let me remind you that most of the modern drugs have not been tested on pregnant women. Therefore, the recommendations of doctors are based on the use of non-pharmacological drugs and other methods, which include changing diet and choosing set of products that will not provoke vomiting.

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